Kirati mainly consists of Rai and Limbu people. Literally Rai or Limbu means
headman. They are decedents of the Kirati's who first formed the kingdom in the
Kathmandu Valley. They now mainly live in far eastern Nepal. Kirati people are
well known for their courage and bravery and are often recruited into armies
abroad like the more famous Gurkhas. The religious text of Limbu is the Mundhum.
Newars are mainly settled in
Kathmandu Valley and in major trading centers
throughout the kingdom. They have Mongolian features and their own language and
script, Newari, believed to have its origin from Tibeto-Burmans. Hinduism and
Buddhism are their main religions. They have complex social systems and
practices and are comprised of many castes. Trade and farming are their main
In Tibetan language Tamang means horse traders. It is believed that they
originally came from Tibet. The majority of Tamangs live in the hills
surrounding Kathmandu Valley. Their social practices and customs are based on
Buddhism and they have their own language, Tamang. They work mainly as farmers,
labors and as porters.
Their origin is basically found in hill regions of western Nepal. Their religion
is Buddhism and their language, Magar Kura, depicts their affinity to the Tibeto-Burmese
tongue and culture. Farming, military service, weaving, hunting, and fishing are
their major occupations.
They are famous for their innocence, simple mindedness, and bravery while
serving in military forces. They are mostly settled along the higher slopes of
the Annapurna areas and the Kali Gandaki river above the Baglung district. They
are farmers of rice and grains and also sheep. They are ethnically related to
Magars, Thakalis and Kiratis in eastern Nepal. The Gurung people love music and
they have their own language.
The origin of Thakali is Thok Khola, a high valley in central Nepal along the
Muktinath region. They have Mongolian features, a fair complexion and narrow
eyes. Thakalis are divided into four major groups: Gauchan, Tulachan, Sherchan
and Bhattacan. Their religion is a mixture of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jhankrism.
They are known for their hospitality, good salesmanship, and cleanliness.