It is a Buddhist pagoda of considerable artistic beauty located in a holy
courtyard called Jana Bahal which is full of Stupas and statues nearby
Indra-Chowk. It consists of a two tiered bronze roof built by King Yachhya Malla
in 1502 AD. This authentic temple is surrounded by residential houses and busy
shops. The chariot festival of white Karunamaya, the "God of Mercy" is annually
celebrated in Kathmandu city.
This falls to be the historic seat of the past royalty, particularly belonging
to the Malla dynasty. The Durbar Square, which is itself the old Royal Palace
Complex dedicated to the Malla monarchs, is today classified as a World Heritage
Site of Culture. The age old temples and palaces epitomize the religious and
cultural life-style of the people. The interesting things to view include Taleju
Temple built by late King Mahendra Malla in 1549 AD, a gigantic stone figure
exposing the fearful manifestation of the Black Bhairab which the Hindus regard
as the God of Destruction, the tall stone pillar on the plinth-top of which sits
late King Pratap Malla with his two beloved queens on either sides plus an
infant child in the middle, the colossal image of the White Bhairab the lattice
of which is removed for a week during the Kumari Yatra festival, the
nine-storied Basantapur Palace (literally meaning the spring season palace), the
Gigantic Bell and the Great Drums. The main golden-gate called Hanuman. He is
the King of the Monkeys and a faithful servant to Lord Ram Chandra-the unanimous
Hero of the ancient epic "Ramayan". Being guarded by a sle protector, the gate
itself has come to be known as Hanuman Dhoka. With a commercial umbrella
suspended above his head and wrapped in a scarlet cloak, he squats on a stone
plinth to be respected by hundreds of Nepalese Hindu plus Indian Hindu. (He is
actually blind-folded as he was a chaste bachelor and wishes not to come in
vision of any female figures).
Temple of Kumari
The temple and the holy quadrangle with a Buddhist Stupa at the center form the
residential quarters of the Chaste Virgin Living Goddess called Kumari. The
traditional building has profusely carved wooden balconies and window screens.
The non-Buddhist and the non-Hindu visitors may enter the courtyard called the 'bahal'
but may not beyond upstairs. The Kumari acknowledges their greetings from the
central window of the balcony particularly saved for her alone and snapshot is
Located nearby the Temple of Kumari, this is a unique type of wooden temple also
known as Maru Satal. It was built in 1596 AD by king Laxmi Narsingh Malla. They
say the timber used for its relevant construction was sawed out of a single
tree. It is also believed that the capital of Kathmandu derived its new name
from this very 'Kastha Mandap'. Today it houses the Hindu God namely Gorakh-Nath.
Situated two and a half kilometers west of Kathmandu City, the National Museum
has a splendid collection of arms, artifacts, statues, etc from ancient,
medieval and modern Nepal. Its archaeological and historical displays are real
worth-seeing. The museum remains closed on Tuesdays.
Literally meaning Lion Palace, it is a grand imposing palace built on the
neo-classical style surrounded by a colossal compound. It was built by His
Excellency Maharaja Chandra Shamsher J.B. Rana Premiers till 1950 but now
remains the Secretarial Building of His Majesty's Government. The Parliament
(including the Upper House and the Lower House), the Radio Station, the
Television Station, etc are all located in the very premises.
This is located on the way to Singha Durbar. The memorial arch contains the
effigies of four political leaders who were mercilessly martyred in 1940. Two
were hung and two were shot. They include Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Shukra Raj
Shastri, Dashrath Chand and Ganga Lal Shrestha. The fatherly statue of late King
Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah Dev appears high in the middle. Late King Tribhuwan is
solely held responsible to lead the historical revolution of 1950-1951 for
laying the foundation of today's democratic system, virtually replacing the
cruel family autocracy of the Ranas.
Aakash Bhairab Temple
Also referred to as the Blue Bhairab sometimes, it is a three-storied temple in
the principal market called Indra Chowk. The devine image of the Aakash Bhairab
is displayed outside for a week long period during the great festival of honors
Indra Jatra. The celebration of Indra Jatra honors Indra-The King of Heaven and
The God of Rain. The Newars call him 'Aajudyo.'
Also known as Dharahara to the local people, it is a 165 feel tall tower built
by Premier Vimsen Thapa in 1932 BS. One fetches a panoramic view of the whole
valley of Kathmandu from the top of the monument. This structure is getting old
and in the weakening stage day by day. But some of its preserving steps are
applied these days.
Narayanhity Royal Palace
This is the current Royal Palace where the Himalayan Monarch of the Shah dynasty
resides. It is built on a site of a much older one and owns a colossal compound.
During the reign of late King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, the main gate was
facing west. Today the main gate eventually faces south. Especial Permission has
to be gotten to enter the palace premises on days of privilege.
One if the most important Hindu temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva. Statues and
little shrines, some a thousand years old, are scattered along the Bagmati
River and up into the surrounding forest. A quite, powerful place that will give
you an insight into one of the world's greatest religions.
The holiest of shrines of the Hindus all over the world is about six
kilometers east of hanuman Dhoka Royal Complex. The golden temple of Lord
Pashupati on the bank of holy Bagmati River in Kathmandu, is in the centre
surrounded by numerous shrines and rest houses. Lord Pashupati is represented by
the holy Lingam which is a stylized phallic symbol based on the cosmic
principle. The temple has four doors on four sides with the figurative head
facing each of the four doors from which the Hindus have Darshan of the Lord,
but they cannot enter the temple. Only the King of Nepal, and Shankaracharyas of
India can enter the shrine to worship.
Pashupatinath is worshipped from time immemorial. The origin of the Lingam is
unknown. There is a height near the
Pashupati temple from where tourists can
have a look at the temple just to get the feel how Hindus think of the holiest
of the holy shrines. Tourists can take their position on the stone terrace just
across the Bagmati east of the temple, from where they can see people taking a
holy dip in the Bagmati river before going to pay homage to Lord Pashupati. You
are free to take photographs. Another interesting sight for tourists will be the
Ghats, the round stone pavements on which the dead are cremated. These rounded
Ghats are all along the Bagmati river and these are the Ghats where the mortal
remains even of kings and queens are ritualistically consigned to flames like
those of other Hindus. You can go around the forested hill dotted with countless
idols, some with shelters and other without, but take care of the monkeys some
of which become quite aggressive when they are teased.
On a forested knoll further behind Pashupati Nath Temple to the eastern
direction and also by the side of the bending or winding Bagmati River appears
the gracious temple of Guheshwori sometimes known as Akash Yogini. It is another
famous spot of Hindu pilgrimages. It houses the shrine of Goddess Parbati who is
Lord Shibas spouse. In this case also, only Hindus are authorized to enter the
This is believed to be 25 centuries old and stands as one of the world's oldest
Buddhist Chaityas. The Great
Stupa of Swayambhu is the wonder for Nepal. It is
indeed listed a World Heritage Site of Culture to prove that it serves as the
nerve center of faithful worship for all the devout Buddhist of the universe.
Swayambhu embraces the authentic philosophy of Bajrayan in particular and honors
Lord Adi Buddha. It is dedicated to the self-originating flame God. The Stupa
which forms the salient structure is well composed of a solid hemisphere of
terra-cotta bricks and the all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha, keeping an eternal
watch on the Valley distinguishing between vice and virtue. It is some two miles
west of Kathmandu City proper across the holy Bishnumati River. Situated on the
top of a hillock, it is about 500 feet above the level of Valley. The whole
hill is a mosaic of small Chaityas and pagoda temples possessing great dignity
plus beauty. There also exist six big Buddhist monasteries in all-five Mahayan (Lamaist)
and one Hinyan (Therbadist). On the hind hill is located another important
Buddhist shrine; it is called Manjushree. This compassionate Chinese Buddha is
the God of Knowledge.
Situated within Ward No. 15 of Kathmandu city adjacent to Swayambhu Hill is
another famous Buddhist monastery called Kimdol. It is a small town itself full
of Buddhist citizens. Kimdol resumes a hillock a top which sits a Buddhist bahal
embracing the major aspects of Buddhism including Mahayan (Lamaism) and Hinyan (Therbad).
Apart from that we find numerous stupas, chaityas and chhortens around.
Boudha Nath Stupa
This is declared to stand as the largest Buddhist shrine of South Asia. The
ancient colossal chhorten was built in the 6th century AD by King Man Dev
belonging to the Lichhabi dynasti. It rests on a series of three terraces and
from the bird's eye view it takes the relevant shape of a lotus flower which
indeed remains a very holy object for the devout Buddhists of the entire world.
The chhorten is surrounded by a circular market which forms a part of Tibet
Town. In this case also the four pairs of the Buddha's eyes give a vivid flash
to the four cardinal directions, meaning to keep a diligent watch over the
people and their commitments all day all night. The chhorten embraces the
authentic philosophy of Mahayan the faith of which is known as Lamaism in Sikkim,
Ladakh, Bhutan and Tibet. It also proves a world Heritage Site.
Situated in the northern suburbs of the Valley just at the foot of Mt. Shibapuri,
this is an enchanting Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Bishnu Narayan. So the
locality is also known as Narayanthan. He lies in a bed of serpents amidst the
pious pool and seems to float on water. The surrounding pond actually represents
the sea. The reclining statue was built in the 5th century AD. The season of
religious celebration here takes place right after the festival of Tihar.
Although it is a renowned spot of worship, the reigning king of Nepal (may it be
contemporary or any Hindu monarch) may not visit this place for reasons
particularly unknown. Thus to please the king a replica of it has been built
elsewhere if he wishes to visit it much.
Balaju Water Garden
This is an interesting large compound sitting at the foot of Mount Nagarjun in
the north-east corner of the worthy items. The important ones are the Twenty-Two
Water Spouts, the replica image of Lord Buddhanilkantha, the Olympic size
swimming pool etc. Among all the attraction, the major one stands as the Twenty
Two Water Spouts and whole compound uphill and downhill itself makes an
enchanting picnic-spot for holiday makers. It is here that the stone statue of
Lord Bishnu Narayan,, an imitation of the genuine previous one at
Buddhanilkantha, exists in order for the Nepalese monarch to pay decent homage.
The annual festival is celebrated on a full moon day of the spring season. It is
a merry day when many Nepalese Buddhists and Tibetan Buddhists hike up to the
summit of Jamacho the starting point being Balaju or Lhuti. A jeep able road does
lead to the top of Mount Nagarjun. This precise full moon is known as 'Lhuti
At the north-eastern edge of the Valley, the cool streams that eventually join
the holy Bagmati River flow over the waterfalls at Sundarijal into a hundred
year old reservoir. This large reservoir was built during the time of the Ranas.
Sundarijal is fifteen kilometers away from Kathmandu City and is also the starting
point for the popular trek to Helambu the nearest Sherpa village. The main
reservoir which supplies drinking water to the valley is roughly an hour walk
uphill from here. A tinier trail forks off before the reservoir to a small rock
cave, where a thirteenth century image of Mahadevi can be found. It is a
pleasant bike ride along the quite roads past Gokarna. The long valley rim walk,
a minor trek that is, from Sundarijal to Nagarkot or vice versa is suggestive to
every enthusiastic trekker.
This is a peaceful small town the old name of which goes Shankharpur according
to classical Sanskrit. The current name as referred by the local citizens goes
Sakwo as well. It is situated at the north eastern corner of the Valley and
served to be the exit point to Lhasa of Tibet in the earlier days. This trekking
route was much used by the lucrative merchants of Nepal called the Lhasa Newa.
The whole town takes the shape of a Shankhu which signifies the conch shell.
This falls to be the sheer reason why it has come to be lilted Shankharpur and
inhabitant by the bonafide indigenous natives of Newars who speak a special
tonal dialect Tibeto-Burmese in nature. Adjacent to the town is located the
famous Buddhist temple dedicated to Goddess Khadga Yogini up the hillock. Lovely
chlorophyll fields and forestations surround the area.
This is a popular village amidst a lovely setting by the hillside. It is
situated at the south west corner of the Valley. Inhabited mostly by the Newars
and the Tamangs both of whom are Buddhists by faith, the village is dotted with
numerous Mahayan monasteries. Another important sight is the Buddhist temple of
Bajra Yogini pertaining to the authentic philosophy of Bajrayan. A cave temple
also bears an interesting tale of its own. There are healthy sectors abound
with pine woods apart from the local bazaar. The Newars call this settlement
Fumpi. The green premises of the one and only famous boarding high school
established in 1952 assumes the name of 'Paradise Garden'.
Kali is a bloodthirsty Hindu Goddess. This particular temple lies in the
southernmost suburbs of the Valley, beyond Fhurping downward in a solitary
ravine. So she is termed 'Dachhin-Kali' meaning South Kali. The important days
for religious pilgrimage include Tuesdays and Saturdays. A ritual worship
attached by animal sacrifice would not be an uncommon scene here the practice of
which is totally against Buddha. The poor victims include the fowls, birds and
sheep in general.