|Firstly, the Chitwan valley was famous for the big games due to lowlands and
being exclusively managed as a
hunting reserve by the Rana rulars and their
member till 1950. In 1963, the area south of the Rapti was demarcated as the
Rhinoceros sanctuary. In 1970, King Mahendra had graciously approved in
principle the creation of Royal Chiwan National Park.
When to Visit?
This park is situated under the tropical monsoon climate with a relatively a
high humidity. The cool winter season occurs from November to late February. In
the summer the thermometer rises up to 40°C (Mostly May-June-July). So the best
time to visit the park is October-November in fall and mid February-mid May in
What to See?
The park has been covered by 70% Shorea Robusta (Sal), 20% grassland, 7%
Riverine Forest (Seesaw, Khair, etc), 3% Pinus Rox Burgii.
Commonly seen in this park are the one horned Rhinoceros, the Royal Bengal
Tiger, Wild Boar, Gaur, Neel Gai (Blue Cow), Wild Elephant, Antelope, Striped
Hyena, Pangolin, Chital, Hog, Deer, Barking Deer, Common Leopard, Sloth Bear,
Ratel, Civet, Wild Dog, Langur, Rhesus, etc. Among the reptiles include the
Monitor, Lizard, Python, Cobra, etc and more than 45 species of amphibians.
The park contains more than 450 species of birds. Among the endangered birds
found in the park are the Bengal Horizon, Giant Hornbill, Lesser Floricon and
Black & White Stork. The other birds like the Peacock, Red Jungle Fowl, Heron,
Kingfisher, Wood Pecker, Fly Catcher, etc are also popular.
How to travel?
The distance between
Chitwan National Park is just 169 km. That
means its just approximately 6 hour travel by bus. There are daily tourist bus
departures, especially from Kathmandu and
Pokhara. Alighat at Tandi Bazaar and
from there take a jeep for approximately 15 minutes drive to reach Sauraha (The
welcome entrance of the Park).