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The park consists of the Churia hills,
flood plains of the Rapti ox-bow lakes, Deu and Narayani rivers.
Royal Chitwan National Park

Now a days the Chitwan National Park stands spread over an area of nine hundred and thirty-two square kilometers (632 sq. km.) as a successful research center of nature conservation in South Asia. This park is situated in the tropical and sub-tropical inner Terai lowlands of southern central part of Nepal. The park consists of the Churia hills, flood plains of the Rapti ox-bow lakes, Deu and Narayani rivers. The lower but much rugged Someshwor hills occupy most of the western portion of the park. The flood plains of Chitwan are rich in alluvial. The park boundaries have been delineated by the Narayani and the Rapti rivers in the north and west, the Deu river and Someshwor hills in the south and south-west and the eastern border with Parsa Wildlife Reserve.


Firstly, the Chitwan valley was famous for the big games due to lowlands and being exclusively managed as a hunting reserve by the Rana rulars and their member till 1950. In 1963, the area south of the Rapti was demarcated as the Rhinoceros sanctuary. In 1970, King Mahendra had graciously approved in principle the creation of Royal Chiwan National Park.

When to Visit?
This park is situated under the tropical monsoon climate with a relatively a high humidity. The cool winter season occurs from November to late February. In the summer the thermometer rises up to 40C (Mostly May-June-July). So the best time to visit the park is October-November in fall and mid February-mid May in summer.

What to See?

The park has been covered by 70% Shorea Robusta (Sal), 20% grassland, 7% Riverine Forest (Seesaw, Khair, etc), 3% Pinus Rox Burgii.

Commonly seen in this park are the one horned Rhinoceros, the Royal Bengal Tiger, Wild Boar, Gaur, Neel Gai (Blue Cow), Wild Elephant, Antelope, Striped Hyena, Pangolin, Chital, Hog, Deer, Barking Deer, Common Leopard, Sloth Bear, Ratel, Civet, Wild Dog, Langur, Rhesus, etc. Among the reptiles include the Monitor, Lizard, Python, Cobra, etc and more than 45 species of amphibians.

The park contains more than 450 species of birds. Among the endangered birds found in the park are the Bengal Horizon, Giant Hornbill, Lesser Floricon and Black & White Stork. The other birds like the Peacock, Red Jungle Fowl, Heron, Kingfisher, Wood Pecker, Fly Catcher, etc are also popular.

How to travel?
The distance between Kathmandu and Chitwan National Park is just 169 km. That means its just approximately 6 hour travel by bus. There are daily tourist bus departures, especially from Kathmandu and Pokhara. Alighat at Tandi Bazaar and from there take a jeep for approximately 15 minutes drive to reach Sauraha (The welcome entrance of the Park).

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